By Trudie Maria Booth
This entire guide completely covers each element of French grammar, from the fundamental to the main complicated point, and illustrates the grammatical constructions with priceless, sensible and engaging examples. up to date language and utilization either at the formal and at the casual point is paired with cultural information regarding France, making the examine of grammar a delightful adventure. The publication deals its clients transparent and special motives, in addition to the chance to perform their analyzing, writing and conversing talents in several oral and written routines, which come with translations, feedback for communicative actions with a associate, and issues for written composition. a whole French Grammar for Reference and perform can be utilized as a school room textual content in intermediate and complicated classes, in addition to for reference and self-study. it's a trustworthy resource of data for lecturers and scholars alike, and addresses all these beginners who are looking to converse and write French safely.
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Depuis combien de temps étudiez-vous le français? (For) how lengthy have you ever studied / have you ever been learning French? J’étudie le français depuis deux ans. i've got studied / were learning French for 2 years. Depuis quand travaillez-vous ici? due to the fact that whilst have you ever labored / have you ever been operating the following? Je travaille ici depuis Noël. i've got labored / were operating right here on the grounds that Christmas. be aware that ça fait . . . que, il y a . . . que and voilà . . . que (not utilized in a query) can substitute depuis while it ability for. With those expressions, the verb is within the current annoying besides. Ça fait / il y a combien de temps que vous étudiez le français? (For) how lengthy have you ever studied / have you ever been learning French? Ça fait / il y a / voilà deux ans que j’étudie le français. i've got studied / were learning French for 2 years. Exercice 12 Traduisez. 1. She is writing a letter. 2. i'm within the means of washing the automobile. three. we're approximately to start. four. for the way lengthy have you ever (pol. ) lived the following? [Give 3 attainable translations. ] five. i've got lived right here for 5 years. [Give 4 attainable translations. ] 6. have you ever (pol. ) been awaiting decades? 7. He has been ailing for the reason that the day gone by. eight. we now have been status in line for 3 hours. Exercice thirteen Répondez aux questions suivantes. (Invent a solution if no longer acceptable. ) 1. Depuis combien de temps avez-vous un ordinateur? 2. Ça fait combien de temps que vous habitez ici? three. Il y a combien de temps que vous étudiez le français? Exercice 14 Voilà l. a. réponse. Quelle était los angeles query? [What used to be the query that elicited the next solutions? Use the French equivalents of ‘since whilst’ (asking for a time element) or ‘for how lengthy’ (asking for a period of time) on your questions. ] 1. Je joue du piano depuis dix ans. 2. J’apprends l’allemand depuis septembre. three. Ça fait deux ans que je cherche un emploi. four. Il y a longtemps que je le sais. five. Ça fait cinq ans que nous sortons ensemble. the current demanding used to precise the shut destiny and the hot previous A. The shut destiny the current stressful of the verb aller via an infinitive expresses a destiny motion. This development corresponds to English am, is, are going to + infinitive. Qu’est-ce que tu vas faire? What are you going to do? Je vais consulter mon courriel. i will fee my email. Il va pleuvoir ce soir. it will rain this night. B. the hot prior the current demanding of the verb venir by way of the preposition de + infinitive expresses an motion that occurred within the contemporary prior. This building corresponds to English have / has simply + prior participle or simply + basic previous of the verb in query. L’avion vient d’atterrir. The aircraft simply landed. Nous venons d’arriver. We (have) simply arrived. Je viens de rentrer. I simply got here domestic. Exercice 15 Traduisez. 1. i'll attempt. 2. Is it going to snow this night? three. that's not going to paintings. four. You (fam. ) are going to be overdue. five. What are you (pol. ) going to do subsequent weekend? 6. they'll win. 7. What are you (pol. ) going to have for an appetizer? eight. We simply had lunch jointly. nine. i've got simply misplaced my pockets.