Jefferson County can proudly declare a lot of firsts in terms of African americans in nationwide heritage. The raid to unfastened slaves that served as a catalyst for the Civil struggle used to be led by way of abolitionist John Brown in Harpers Ferry. the 1st guy wounded within the uprising used to be Heyward Shepherd, a loose African American and a Jefferson County resident. Pres. Abraham Lincoln appointed Jefferson County local Martin Robison Delany because the first African American box officer of the Civil struggle. In 1906, the Niagara circulation, forerunner to the nationwide organization for the development of coloured humans (NAACP), held its first assembly on American soil at the Storer collage campus. the 1st lady to turn into the trainer of a menÂ’s university basketball crew used to be additionally an African American from Jefferson County. also, the coloured Horse express held in Charles city used to be the 1st of its type for African americans.
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He and his spouse, Ellen Dixon, owned a home and a blacksmith store at the nook of Samuel and Liberty Streets in Charles city. They allowed instructor Annie Dudley to exploit one room for her school room. It was once referred to as the freedom highway university and used to be used among 1867 and 1874, whilst the county all started its personal public university schooling for blacks. Pictured are scholars at Grandview straight forward tuition within the Harpers Ferry and Bolivar parts from the Nineteen Forties. This four-room university closed on the finish of 1965. sooner than Grandview university, scholars attended sessions in a two-room development on Ridge road in Bolivar. while the varsity had outgrown these rooms, extra area within the basement of the Mount Zion Baptist Church used to be rented for $10 a month. scholars of Grandview effortless college from Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, are pictured during this picture. They have been on a box journey to Luray Caverns in Virginia within the Fifties. Grandview used to be one of many earliest black colleges within the Harpers Ferry District. positioned in Bolivar on Ridge road, it served black scholars for grades 1–8 and closed on the finish of the 1965 college yr. The final participants of the school have been imperative Robert Nunn, 3 teachers—Thomas Lee, Ruby Brown Reeler, and Betty friendly Taylor—and custodian Walter Fox. scholars are pictured at Grandview simple college within the Fifties. the varsity began as a four-room institution that served black scholars from Bolivar and Harpers Ferry. scholars from grades first via 8th attended. on the finish of the varsity 12 months in 1965, the college closed its doorways. The final college individuals have been Betty Taylor, Ruby Reeler, Thomas Lee, imperative Robert Nunn, and custodian Walter Fox. In 1908, a one-room tuition used to be in-built Halltown for $500. It nonetheless stands without delay at the back of the Halltown Memorial Chapel. ahead of this faculty, there has been one other institution for black scholars in Halltown, however the situation is unknown. The Halltown college pictured above remained open and in use till 1930. of the lecturers who taught on the college have been Eddie Robinson and Sara Davis. This Nineteen Thirties picture exhibits scholars from Mechanicstown coloured college. Elsie Clinton was once the trainer while it closed in 1934. It used to be inbuilt 1891 on land that John Myers bought to the board of schooling. on the time of its closure, the instructor and the scholars have been transferred to the Eagle road university in Charles city. The construction nonetheless stands on privately owned estate on direction nine South. The first-known university for black scholars in Myerstown used to be in-built 1875 on much bought from Fisher A. Lewis. The development is not any longer status. the following scholars on the Myerstown coloured institution are pictured with instructor Annie Watkins. The picture was once taken round 1920 in Jefferson County, West Virginia. Annie Watkins left this faculty and later taught at Eagle street coloured university in Charles city. finally the college was once offered to Charles Sim. Pictured here's the old-fashioned in Shepherdstown, which used to be the oldest college for black scholars in that city. It used to be the 1st black university in Shepherdstown and nonetheless stands on Brown’s Alley.