By Keith David Watenpaugh
Watenpaugh’s targeted and provocative exam of humanitarian notion and motion from a non-Western point of view is going past canonical descriptions of aid paintings and improvement tasks. applying a variety of resource materials—literary and inventive responses to violence, memoirs, and first-person debts from sufferers, perpetrators, reduction employees, and diplomats—Watenpaugh argues that the foreign solution to the inhumanity of global battle I within the heart East laid the basis for contemporary humanitarianism and the categorical methods humanitarian teams and foreign corporations aid sufferers of battle, take care of trafficked young ones, and reduction refugees.
Bread from Stones is needed studying for these attracted to humanitarianism and its ideological, institutional, and criminal origins, in addition to the evolution of the flow following the cave in of the Ottoman Empire and the arrival of past due colonialism within the heart East.
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Extra resources for Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism
Ucpress. edu. collage of California Press Oakland, California © 2015 via The Regents of the collage of California Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication information Watenpaugh, Keith David, 1966– writer. Bread from stones : the center East and the making of recent humanitarianism / Keith David Watenpaugh. pages cm contains bibliographical references and index. isbn 978-0-520-27930-8 (cloth) — isbn 978-0-520-27932-2 (pbk. : alk. paper) — isbn 978-0-520-96080-0 (ebook) 1. Humanitarianism—Middle East. 2. Humanitarianism—History—20th century. I. name. bj1475. three. w38 2015 361. 2′609560904—dc23 2014040823 synthetic within the u . s . 24 10 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 nine eight 7 6 five four three 2 1 sixteen 15 in response to a dedication to help environmentally in charge and sustainable printing practices, UC Press has published this ebook on Natures typical, a ﬁber that includes 30% post-consumer waste and meets the minimal standards of ansi/niso z39. 48–1992 (r 1997) (Permanence of Paper). For Aram David and Arda Zabel—my sunlight and my Earth “ . . . again there within the strong previous days while i used to be 9 and the area used to be choked with each that you can think of form of magniﬁcence, and lifestyles used to be nonetheless a pleasant and mysterious dream . . . ” —William Saroyan, My identify Is Aram (1937) The Tempter came to him and acknowledged, “If you're the Son of God, tell those stones to turn into bread. ” Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man shall now not dwell via bread on my own . . . ’ ” —Matthew 4:3–4 Քարէն հաց հանել To strength bread from stone —Armenian expression Ekmeğini taştan çıkar To take bread out from stone —Turkish expression Create bread from stones . . . —Report through Karen Jeppe, Danish administrator of the League of countries Rescue domestic in Aleppo (1922) ﺍﺳ ّﻞ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺭﻏﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺰ ﻭﺍﻷﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻓﺘﺮ. . . . . . ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺨﺮ — ﻣﺤﻤـﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﻳـﺶ . . . I safe a loaf of bread, outfits and faculty notebooks From stone . . . —Mahmoud Darwish, “Identity Card” (1973) vi Contents record of Illustrations Preface and Acknowledgments notice on Translation and Transliteration record of Abbreviations 1. The Beginnings of the Humanitarian period within the japanese Mediterranean 2. The Humanitarian mind's eye and the yr of the Locust: foreign reduction within the Wartime jap Mediterranean, 1914–1918 three. the shape and content material of agony: Humanitarian wisdom, Mass Publics, and the file, 1885–1927 four. “America’s Wards”: close to East aid and American Humanitarian Exceptionalism, 1919–1923 five. The League of countries Rescue of Trafficked girls and kids and the ambiguity of contemporary Humanitarianism, 1920–1936 6. among Refugee and Citizen: the sensible disasters of recent Humanitarianism, 1923–1939 7. smooth Humanitarianism’s stricken Legacies, 1927–1948 Notes decide on Bibliography Index ix xi xviii xix 1 30 fifty seven ninety one 124 157 183 205 233 241 Illustrations map Map of the jap Mediterranean, 1914–1948. / xx figures 1. 1. Ottoman Armenian refugees from Musa Dağı on the Port acknowledged refugee camp, ca. 1916. / sixteen 2. 1. Suq al-Gharb soup kitchen, ca. 1916. / forty nine 2. 2. conceal of yank Committee for Armenian and Syrian reduction pamphlet selling the “Christmas Ship,” ca.