By Martin L. West
This abridged model of the author's booklet "Greek Metre" will offer scholars with a extra simply approachable and digestible advent to the topic. the reasons of easy concerns were simplified, and extra examples were incorporated to demonstrate the commoner metres. Readership: university and college classics lecturers and students.
slightly lower than general scan--still all readable. no longer my test. because of unique uploader.
also, Martin West is a number one Greek student. it's worthy having a look into the fellow if you're now not accustomed to him outright (you may perhaps unknowingly have learn his translations)
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T h e admission of acatalectic dimeters in ultimate position. 6. T h e admission of sequences of 4 shorts (biceps + resolved princeps, or the wrong way round). 7. Admixture of non-anapaestic cola (especially dochmiac), or certain switch to a different rhythm. here's a specimen. E. Ion 154 -69: ea ea· φοιτώσ' πτάνοι ήδη Aeinovaiv Παρνασσού αύδώ μή χρίμπτ6ΐν μηδ' re κοιτάς, each >• biceps reduced in size θριγκοίς els χρϋσήρ€ΐς οίκους- μάρφω σ' αΰ τόξοις κήρυξ, ορνίθων ώ Ζηνός γαμφηλαϊς ίσχϋν νικών. — όδε προς θ υ μέλας άλλος epeooei φοινϊκοφαή κύκνος· πόδα ουδέν σ' α φόρμιγξ σύμμολπος πάραγ€ τόξων πτέρυγας, ουκ άλλάι κϊνήσ6ΐς; α Φοίβου ρϋσαιτ' άν· λίμνας έπίβα τάς Δηλιάδος· acatalectic period-end LYRIC ANAPAESTS sixty one In tragedy lyric anapaests are essentially restrained to monodies and dialogues within which an actor sings. it really is Euripides who makes the best use of them -most generally in definite performs of his transitional interval (Hecuba, Troades, IT, Ion). Like spoken anapaests, they could accompany entrances and perambulations. T h e repeated catalectic traces recommend disturbed, halting growth, Alternation among sung and recited anapaests is well made because the emotional point fluctuates. various use is made up of the metre in comedy. there's freer use of proceleumatics (w w ww), typically marked off via worddivision, as in Ar. Av. 328 fi: προδίδόμίθ' φίλος \ ανόσια ην | όμότροφά παρίβη τ' | έπάθομεν | ος γάρ θ' \ ήμίν | ένέμ€TO | πεδία μέν θίσμούς αρχαίους παρ' | ημίν, κτλ. sometimes we meet cola of wierd lengths: a pentapody in Ach. 285, σέ μέν οΰν καταλζΰσομΐν ώ μιαρά κεφαλή, and in Lys. 478-83 a tripody by way of a size of 11 toes (1 j || five j metra). possibly the refrain took a strange variety of paces in every one of those situations. In tragedy we've got a proceleumatic t r i p o d y a t E . IT 2 three 2 , έτι βρέφος, | έτι νέον, \ έτι θάλος. In 5 locations | ό w w | ό w w |, a couple of proparoxytone tribrach phrases, ordinarily in anaphora or syntactic parallelism, appears to be like to take where of an anapaestic metron: A. Pers. 985 έλιπίς έλιπες 2 2 θ άγαμος ~ IOOO έταφον άτ€κνος άπολις έταφον, άφιλος, Ε. I T 2 1 three έτεκεν έτρίφΐν, and so on. In Ar. Αν. 327 35 ~ 343~5 Ι the 1st a part of the strophe is unequivocally anapaestic, however the latter half indicates the abnormal responsion (333) - " W | U U W| U U W| (349) - U W - U W | - W W WW I W W WW w W WW I — WWWWW — I W W WW I W W — III U W| — W WW I — W WW — W WW I — W WW I — W — I — WWW — W — III In different phrases the anapaest (proceleumatic) turns into interchangeable with the cretic (paeon). G. IONIC Ionics are most common in Aeschylus. T h e y are occasional in Sophocles, Euripides (who makes use of them specifically within the Bacchae), T H E L Y R I C M E T R E S O F D R A M A sixty two sixty two and outdated Comedy. T h e ionic hymns sung through Agathon in Ar. Thesm. 101-29 anc ^ by means of the Initiates in Ran. 323-53 replicate an organization of the metre with devotional cult. this can account for its prominence within the Bacchae; yet even as there is right here a feeling of the Asiatic.