Occasions over fresh years have elevated the worldwide curiosity in Islam. This 2007 quantity seeks to strive against generalisations concerning the Muslim presence in Europe via illuminating its variety throughout Europe and providing a extra reasonable, hugely differentiated photograph. It contends with the monist suggestion of identification that means Islam is the shared and major definition of Muslims residing in Europe. The participants additionally discover the impact of the ecu Union at the Muslim groups inside its borders, and think about how the european is in flip stricken by the Muslim presence in Europe. This ebook comes at a serious second within the evolution of where of Islam inside Europe and should entice students, scholars and practitioners within the fields of ecu stories, politics and rules of the eu Union, sociology, sociology of faith, and diplomacy. It additionally addresses the broader framework of uncertainties and unease approximately faith in Europe.
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Additional resources for Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity and Influence
Frankfurt /Main: Fischer, 1992, 13–78. 6 Bosnian Islam as ‘European Islam’: limits and shifts of an idea Xavier Bougarel as a result of the Yugoslav wars, the Nineteen Nineties have been marked by way of the rediscovery of an old and autochthonous Muslim presence in Europe. Bosnian Muslims,1 particularly, became the emblem of a ecu Islam that were coated up by means of the chilly conflict and forgotten by means of Western Europe, in addition to by way of the Muslim international. even if, current insistence at the ecu size of Bosnian Islam has created as many difficulties because it has solved for a greater figuring out of the spiritual identification of Bosnian Muslims and in their place within the advanced family members among Europe and Islam. Bosnian Muslims are, surely, Europeans, similar to their Serbian and Croatian neighbours. they've got their very own method of expressing their Muslim id, as illustrated through the paintings of the anthropologists William Lockwood, Cornelia Sorabji and Tone Bringa. 2 however the idea of ‘European Islam’ usually encompasses phenomena which are relatively detailed, or maybe mostly against each other. for instance, the sufi (mystic) or syncretistic practices found in conventional Bosnian Islam are of Ottoman starting place. in the meantime, the deep secularisation of latest 1 2 As of 1993, the nationwide identify of ‘Bosniac’ (Bosnjak), has formally changed the time period ‘Muslim’ (Musliman), presently used because the finish of the 19th century. even if, for the aim of readability, we now have selected to proceed utilizing the time period ‘Muslim’, aside from the interpretation of quotations explicitly utilizing the time period ‘Bosniac’. eventually, it's important to not confuse the time period ‘Bosniac’, which applies simply to Bosnian Muslims, with the time period ‘Bosnian’ (Bosanac), relating the entire population of BosniaHerzegovina. On those id and linguistic questions, see Xavier Bougarel, 2002, ‘Comment peut-on eˆtre Bochniaque? ’ [How can one be Bosniac? ], in Alain Dieckhoff and Riva Kastoryano (eds. ), Nationalismes en mutation en Me´diterrane´e orientale [Changing nationalisms within the japanese Mediterranean], Paris: CNRS e´ditions, pp. 173–93. See William Lockwood, eu Moslems. economic climate and ethnicity in Western Bosnia, manhattan, London: educational Press, 1974; Cornelia Sorabji, Muslim identification and Islamic religion in Socialist Sarajevo, college of Cambridge (unpublished PhD dissertation), 1988; Tone Bringa, Being Muslim the Bosnian method. identification and neighborhood in a critical Bosnian village, Princeton: Princeton collage Press, 1995. ninety six Bosnian Islam as ‘European Islam’ ninety seven Bosnian society, mirrored by means of the frequency of combined marriages and the frequent intake of alcohol, is as a result of the fifty years of Communist modernisation. at times, the assumption of Balkan Islam as a real ‘European Islam’ is even according to fake assumptions: in 2001, a widely known American imagine tank said that ‘Wahhabi practices locate little help from the primarily Bektashi Balkan [Muslim] communities’,3 while a wide majority of Balkan Muslims – together with Bosnian ones – are in truth Sunni Muslims belonging to the hanefi ceremony, and Bektashis are in general found in Albania, the place they symbolize basically 20 consistent with cent of the Muslim inhabitants.