First released in 1978, examining Greek has develop into a best-selling one-year introductory direction in old Greek for college students and adults. It combines the simplest of contemporary and standard language-learning thoughts and is used greatly in colleges, summer time colleges and universities internationally. It has additionally been translated into a number of international languages. This quantity features a narrative tailored completely from historic authors, together with Herodotus, Euripides, Aristophanes and Demosthenes, with a view to motivate scholars quickly to enhance their examining talents. beneficiant help is supplied with vocabulary. even as, in the course of the texts and diverse illustrations, scholars will obtain a superb creation to Greek tradition, and particularly that of Classical Athens. The accompanying Grammar and routines quantity offers complete grammatical aid including quite a few routines at diversified degrees, Greek-English and English-Greek vocabularies, a considerable reference grammar and language surveys.
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Extra resources for Reading Greek: Text and Vocabulary
To the slaves ̷̧̨̯-Ӫ brazenness (after ̲̬Ӭ̯̝̥) ̯ԗ ̧̥̫̒-̴̧̦̙̩-̥ Philokleon (after ѳ̷̨̡̫̥̯̬̫̭) ̧̥̫̒-̴̧̦̙̩-̥ Philokleon (after ѷ̨̫̥̫̭) ̲̬̘-̨̫̝̥ use, hire (3rd s. ̲̬Ӭ̯̝̥) ̳̫̱̙-̴ make a noise Vocabulary to be learnt к̩̝̪ (ж̩̝̦̯-), ѳ prince, lord, king (3a) Section 9 A–J: Aristophanes’ Wasps ἐνταῦθα (t)here, at this that time μέλᾱς μέλαινα μέλαν (μελαν-) black one hundred and five τάλᾱς τάλαινα τάλαν (ταλαν-) wretched, unsatisfied E ΦΙΛ. (commandingly) ἀλλ’ ἄνοιγε τὴν θύραν. ΒΔΕΛ. (resolutely) μὰ τὸν Ποσειδῶ, πάτερ, οὐδέποτέ γε. ΦΙΛ. (a pause, then craftily) ἀλλ’ ἔστι νουμηνία τήμερον. ΒΔΕΛ. ὁ ἄνθρωπος οὗτος μέγα τι κακòν παρασκευάζεται, ὡς ἔμοιγε δοκεῖ. τί σοι δοκεῖ, Ξανθία; Ξ. καὶ ἔμοιγε δοκεῖ. ΦΙΛ. (overhears) μὰ τòν Δία οὐ δῆτα, ἀλλ’ ἔξειμι, ἐπεὶ τòν ἡμίονον ἐν τῇ⁀ἀγορᾷ πωλεῖν βούλομαι αὐτοῖς⁀τοῖς⁀κανθηλίοις. ΒΔΕΛ. πωλεῖν βούλῃ τòν ἡμίονον αὐτοῖς⁀τοῖς⁀κανθηλίοις; ἀλλ’ ἐγὼ τοῦτο ἂν δρᾶν δυναίμην. ΦΙΛ. ἐγὼ δὲ τοῦτο ἂν δυναίμην ἄμεινον ἢ σύ. ΒΔΕΛ. οὐ μὰ τòν Δία, ἀλλ’ ἐγὼ σοῦ ἄμεινον. ΦΙΛ. ἀλλὰ εἰσιὼν τòν ἡμίονον ἔξαγε. The mule is led out of the courtyard. ΒΔΕΛ. ἀλλὰ τί παθὼν στένεις, ἡμίονε; ἆρα ὅτι τήμερον πωλήσομέν σε; ἀλλὰ μὴ στένε μηκέτι, ἡμίονε. τί δὲ τουτὶ τò πρᾶγμα; τί στένεις, εἰ μὴ φέρεις Ὀδυσσέα τινά; Vocabulary for part 9 E ἄμεινον higher ἄνοιγε open! αὐτ-οῖς τοῖς κανθηλί-οις packsaddle and all ἔμοι-γε to me ἐξ-άγ-ω convey out, lead out ὁ ἡμίονος . . . κανθήλι-α, τά panniers (2b) μηκέτι not νου-μηνί-α, ἡ ﬁrst of the month (1b) (market-day) ᾿Οδυσσ-εύς, ὁ Odysseus (3g) . . . φέρει Ὀδυσσέα τινά παρα-σκευάζ-ομαι devise, arrange πωλέ-ω promote στέν-ω groan τῇ ἀγορ-ᾷ the market-place five 10 15 20 106 half 3: Athens in the course of the comedian poet's eyes ̏. (looks lower than the mule) ж̧̧Қ ̩̝Ҡ ̨Қ ̛̝́ ̱ҝ̡̬̥ ̴̦̘̯ ̡̟ ̛̯̫̰̯̫̩ ̯̥̩̝. ˿́̂̈. ̛̯̩̝ ̱ҝ̡̬̥ ѳ ѓ̨̛̫̩̫̭; ̛̯̭ ̡Ѩ ½̫̯’, Ґ ’̴̩̤̬½̡; ̒̆̈. ̯̥̭̌҄ ̩Ҟ ̛̝́. ˿́̂̈. ̯̥̭̌҄ ̮ҥ; ½̫̠̝½ò̭ ̡Ѩ; ̒̆̈. Ѫ̤̝̦̮̥̫̭̚, ѳ ̯̫ԉ о½̫̠̬̝̮̥½½̛̠̫̰. ˿́̂̈. (to Sosias) ̡̧̡̱̦҃ ̝Ѿ̷̯̩. (looks at Philokleon with disgust) Ґ ̨̥̝̬̹̯̝̯̫̭. ̴̟̥̟̩̹̮̦ ̟̘̬ ̡̮ ½̴̘̩̯̩ ½̷̫̩̣̬̯̝̯̫̩ Ѷ̩̯̝. ̯ԗ໌ ̟Қ̬ໍ Ѹ̡̠̰̮̮Ӻ ̠Ҟ ѳ̷̷̨̫̥̯̝̯̭ ц̮̯̥̩ ѳ ½̝̯̬̚, ҋ̭ ъ̨̡̫̥̟ ̡̠̫̦Ӻ. ж̧̧ɹ Ґ ½̡̘̯̬, ̮½̫̰̠ӭЁ½̘̮Ӫ Ҏ̡̤̥ ̯Ң̩ ѓ̨̛̫̩̫̩ ̦̝Ҡ ̡̮̝̰̯Ң̩ ̡Ѣ̭ ̯Ҟ̩ ̫Ѣ̛̦̝̩. (points to a pile of stones) ̮Ҥ ̠̙, ̴̛̮̝̏, Ҏ̡̤̥ ̯̝Ӻ̭Ё̡̲̬̮Ҡ ½̧̧̫̫Ҥ̭ ̯Ԗ̩ ̴̧̛̤̩ ½̬Ң̭ ̯Ҟ̩ ̸̤̬̝̩. ̏. (busies himself with the duty. without notice . . . ) ̫Ѧ̨̫̥ ̧̯̘̝̭. ̛̯ ̯̫ԉ̯̫; ½̷̡̤̩ ½̫̯’ ц̩̙½̡̮̙ ̨̫̥ ̯Ң ̧̞̹̥̫̩; ̋. (points to the roof) Ѣ̸̠̫, Ґ ̠̙̮½̫̯̝. ѳ ж̩Ҟ̬ ̮̯̬̫̰̤Ң̭ ̡̛̟̟̩̯̝̥. ˿́̂̈. ̫Ѧ̨̫̥ ̴̨̛̦̝̦̫̠̝̩. ̫Ѿ ̟̘̬ ̨̡ ̧̡̝̩̤̘̩̥ ѳ ½̝̯Ҟ̬ ̮̯̬̫̰̤Ң̭ ̷̨̡̟̥̟̩̩̫̭. ж̧̧Қ ̡̱̤̮̯̝̥̚ ѓ̨ӝ̭ ц̦̱̰̟̹̩. ½̫ԉ ½̫ԉ ц̮̯ҡ ̨̫̥ ̯Ң ̛̠̦̯̰̫̩; ̮̫ԉ ̮̫ԉ, ½̧̘̥̩ ̮̫ԉ. (̯ԗЁ̸̠̥̦̯Ԕ ̡̠̥̹̦̥ ̯Ң̩ ½̝̯̙̬̝) ̏. (with aid, made up our minds that the previous guy will supply not more difficulty) к̡̟ ̩̰̩. ц½̡̥̠Ҟ ̯̫̰̯̫̩Ҡ ̨Ҝ̩ ц̡̧̡̨̡̛̩̦̮̝̩, ц̧̡̛̟̦̮̝̮̥໌ ̠’ ໍѓ̨Ӻ̩ ̦̝Ҡ ̸̧̱̝̪̥̩Ё̫̮̥҄ ½̨̬̘̟̝̯̝໌ ̫Ѿ̦ ̝̤̥̭҄ ໍ½̝̬ҝ̡̪̥ ѳ ̟ҝ̴̬̩ ̫Ѿ̠Ҝ ̧̡̮̥̚ ѓ̨ӝ̭ ж½̨̫̠̬̝̹̩, ̯ҡ ̫Ѿ ̸̡̨̡̦̝̤̠̫̩ Ѳ̧̛̟̫̩ ̷̲̬̩̫̩; ж½̫-̨̠̬̝-Ҧ̩ see ж½̫-̯̬̙̲-̴ ж½̫-̯̬̙̲-̴ (ж½̫-̨̠̬̝-) run away о½̫-̠̬̝̮-̥½½-̛̠̣̭, ѳ the son of Runawayhorse (1d) (comic identify) ̧̞̹̥-̫̩, ̷̯ clod of earth (2b) ̛̠̦̯̰-̫̩, ̷̯ web (2b) ̠̰̩-̨̛̝̣̩ ж̩Ԓ i might have the option (opt.