By Jan W. J. Burgers
The lute’s cultural impression in the course of the Dutch Golden Age may be in comparison to that of the piano within the nineteenth century. It was once the common software for solo music-making, in addition to in ensembles and to accompany singers, frequently linked to the social elite - the aristocracy and the filthy rich burghers. This richly illustrated ebook is the 1st to exhibit recognized and vague lutenists, expert musicians and amateurs, the lute track in books and manuscripts, the lute makers and the overseas lute exchange, whereas additionally exploring where of the device within the Dutch literature and paintings of the interval.
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Extra resources for The Lute in the Dutch Golden Age: Musical Culture in the Netherlands 1580-1670
This can be most likely as the lute had a Classical connotation; it was once linked to the lyre, Apollo’s characteristic and the software poets used to accompany themselves in Antiquity. within the procession at the celebration of the inauguration of Leiden college on eight February 1575, for example, Apollo figured between different mythological personages protecting a lyre. within the seventeenth century we see either the lyre and the lute used to symbolise the paintings of poetry. Jan Six van Chandelier, for example, talks approximately Vondels yvoore Roomsche lier [Vondel’s ivory Roman lyre], whereas the lute as a metaphor for poetry is pointed out via Vondel: O vrome vader, glori van mijn’ luyt [O lofty father, glory of my lute] and a bit later via Lukas Schermer Wat Held o Clio sult gy loven / En pryzen op uw schelle luyt? [Which hero, O Clio, will you compliment and applaud in your clear-sounding lute? ]. Vondel praises Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft for his translation of the well known French poet Marot in order that through Hooft’s lute, poetry that originated alongside the Loire should be loved alongside the Dutch rivers Vecht and IJ: […] Het sij sijn’ sinlijckheen uytheemsche tael ontkleeden, En wisselden Marots uytmuntenste aerdigheden In moederspraeck: of met de luytpen van yvoir Verweckten Vecht en Y te luystren na de Loir’. […] His trademarks do clarify the international verse And translate the wonderful wit of Marot Into our mom tongue, and with the ivory lute pen inspired Vecht and IJ to hear the Loire. by the way, in one other model of an analogous poem, the note luytpen [lute pen] used to be changed via the same idea slaghbeen [striking bone]; Vondel the following refers back to the concept that in Classical Antiquity the lute used to be performed now not with the hands yet with a plectrum. The noble fabric ivory, a recurrent function during this context, used to be evidently linked to lofty poeticism. The lute as a poetic characteristic surfaces many times. at the party of the Peace of Münster (1648), Jan Vos made an allure in a protracted poem: Op heldendichters, op, versnaart uw’ schorre luiten, / En voeght u aan de rey. De Krijgh is afgestreên. / De Vreede lacht ons toe [Arise, epic poets, 178 the lute within the arts of the golden age bankruptcy eight up, restring your husky lutes, and sign up for the choral dance. The battle is over. Peace smiles at us]. In 1624 the younger and as but unknown Constantijn Huygens addressed the ‘voting cities’ of Holland and West-Friesland − the cities that have been allowed to vote within the States of Holland − with a poem that begins: Den stemmenden Steden van Holland ende Westvriesland Geluck. Well-wishes to the vote casting cities of Holland and West-Friesland. Soo scheid’ U Nijd noch Tijd, soo werd’ hy noyt geboren Die naer uw’ schande tracht’, die van uw’ scha’ will’ hooren, Getrouwe Susteren, hoort yeder van’t geluyd Van uw’ bekende Stem den weerslagh op mijn’ Luyt, Mijn’ onbekende Luyt, maer best- genegen Snaren Ten roem van uwen naem en hoorenswaerde maeren. […] may perhaps hostility nor time separate you, and may possibly by no means the guy be born who's out to disgrace you and needs to listen to of your loss, devoted sisters; may perhaps every one of you pay attention of the sound Of your recognized voices the echo on my lute, My unknown lute, yet whose strings are strongly disposed To announce the distinction of your identify and your fascinating stories.