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By Sharan Newman

The medieval historian who published The actual historical past in the back of the Da Vinci Code uncloaks the Templars.

within the 12 months 1119, those noblemen discovered their calling as protectors of the devoted on a perilous pilgrimage to newly conquered Jerusalem. Now, historian Sharan Newman elucidates the mysteries and misconceptions of the Templars, from their actual first founding and position within the Crusades to extra sleek intrigues, together with:

- have been they religious knights or mystery heretics?
- Did they depart in the back of a ravishing treasure-hidden to this day?
- How did they arrive to be linked to the Holy Grail?
- Did they arrive to the USA ahead of the time of Columbus?
- Does the order nonetheless exist?

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Thirteen Barber and Bate, p. three. 14Quoted in Marie Luise Buist-Thiele, “The effect of St. Bernard of Clairvaux at the Formation of the Order of the Knights Templar,” ed. Michael Gervers the second one campaign and the Cistercians (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992) p. fifty eight. 15Ibid. sixteen Marquis d’Albon, Cartularie Général de l’Ordre du Temple 1119? -1150 (Paris, 1913) p. 1. It was once a donation made in Marseille and there are numerous uncertainties approximately it. bankruptcy Hugh de Payns Amid the entire various theories concerning the starting of the Templars there's one consistent. The founding father of the order was once a definite Hugh de Payns, knight. a few say he and some comrades first approached the patriarch of Jerusalem, asking to reside a monastic lifestyles within the urban. Others document the lads went to Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem. nonetheless others recommend that it used to be Baldwin who requested Hugh and his associates to behave as protectors to the various pilgrims coming from the West to Jerusalem. In all of those, the most consistent is Hugh. yet who used to be Hugh? the place is Payns? What was once his heritage and who have been his kin? What may have led him to commit his lifestyles to struggling with for God? regardless of his significance, even in his personal day, a latest biography of Hugh hasn't ever been stumbled on. Nor has any medieval author even pointed out examining one. i locate this fascinating since it shows to me the uneasiness humans felt in regards to the notion of warrior priests. different males who based orders, like Francis of Assisi or Robert of Arbrissel, had biographies written approximately them instantly after their deaths. the most objective of this used to be to have an eyewitness account in their saintliness in case they have been urged for canonization. Of the little that was once written approximately Hugh, not anything was once destructive, yet there Hugh de Payns and Godfrey of St. Omer sooner than King Baldwin II. (Bibliotheque Nationale) doesn't appear to have been any feel that he was once in line for sainthood. So how will we discover extra approximately this guy who began all of it? the 1st clue we now have is from the chronicler William of Tyre. He says that Hugh got here from the city of Payns, close to Troyes within the county of Champagne. 1 William additionally mentions Hugh’s spouse, Godfrey of St. Omer, in Picardy, now Flanders. those males appear, in William’s eyes, to be cofounders of the Templars, however it was once Hugh who turned the 1st Grand grasp. this can were via typical management, however it additionally can have been simply because Hugh had the ideal connections. Payns is a small city in France, close to Troyes, the seat of the counts of Champagne. it truly is positioned in a fertile farmland that even then had a name for its wine. It’s no longer recognized whilst Hugh was once born, or who his mom and dad have been. the 1st point out of him within the documents is from approximately 1085-1090, while a “Hugo de Pedano, Montiniaci dominus,” or Hugh of Payns, lord of Montigny, witnessed a constitution within which Hugh, count number of Champagne, donated land to the abbey of Molesme. 2 with a purpose to be a witness, our Hugh needed to were not less than 16. So he used to be most likely born round 1070. Over the following couple of years, 4 extra charters of the count number are witnessed through a “Hugo de Peanz” or “Hugo de Pedans.

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